The digital collection Scotland’s First World War Sites is part of the subdomain Canmore of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). At Canmore this selection points to nearly 1,200 locations in Scotland with for each a varying quantity of images. The results are accessible in two sets; each of them can be visualized in a map. The results bring you also to items in the RCAHMS catalogues such as prints, drawings and manuscripts. You can also search in the Canmore database for specific subjects such as training trenches, airfields and hospitals. There is an advanced search mode and three thesauri for systematic research into monuments, objects and maritime items.
With the First World War Audit the RCAHMS has created a digital gallery with a preview of scores of images, both photographs and maps. The RCAHMS provides also an overview of its First World war resources.
Scotland’s First World War Sites
The virtual exhibition 14-18, une guerre photographique has been created by the Musée Nicéphore Niépce in Chalon-sur-Saône, a museum for the history of photography. This virtual exhibition has two sections. The first section, Le Miroir, une revue photographique, Août 1914-Décembre 1919 contains some 280 issues of this weekly published illustrated journal. The explicit goal of this journal during the First World War was to strengthen the links between soldiers and the general public, and to support the war efforts. The second section, Les yeux de la guerre, vues stéréoscopiques [The eyes of the war: stereoscopic views] contains nearly 700 stereoscopic photographs taken during the First World War. These images are organized along a number of themes. In order to view the images with a 3D-effect you have to install the Unity 3D plugin. For viewing the stereoscopic effect you will need stereoscopic glasses (red/blue). The website can be viewed in French or English.
14-18, une guerre photographique
The digital collection British First World War Trench Maps, 1915-1918 is a project of the National Library of Scotland (NLS), Edinburgh, at their special subdomain for digitized historical maps. Although the NLS alerts to the incompleteness of their collection this digital collection with 21 maps at 1:5,000, 88 maps at 1:10,000, 198 maps at 1:20,000, and 1 map at 1:40,000 scale, is most interesting. The maps come mainly from the series GSGS 2742 (1:20,000) and GSGS 3062 (1:10,000) and document trenches in Belgium, in particular in Flanders, and in France between 1915 and 1918. The website provides background information about the maps which were mainly created by the Ordnance Survey. After choosing the category “Belgium / France, Trench Maps” from a drop down list at the NLS maps search interface (Find a place) you can select a map from the sections indicated on a zoomable map of Belgium and France.
British First World War Trench Maps, 1915-1918
The digital collection Album numérique 14-18 has been created by the Centre Images Lorraine in Nancy. On this website with some 15,000 images you can browse photographs from the Lorraine region. Lorraine (Lothringen) bordered on Germany; in fact between 1871 and 1918 it belonged to Germany. The collection presents images and documents organized by several themes concerning the First World War, such as the home front , daily life in the trenches – with for example attention to the use of animals and transport -, images of the war, the realities of war (aircraft, weapons, industry) and remembrance.
Among the images are some 2,100 stereoscopic photographs shown in red-cyan 3D vision which can be selected by choosing 3D Relief. Apart from images there are some 200 records with letters, diaries and poetry, and nearly 100 objects. You can also conduct a geographical search. In the advanced search mode you can also select images from the database Images de Lorraine. In particular the number of images concerning aircraft (aéronautique) and aerial photographs (photographies aériennes) is interesting. You can find them using the free text search (libre). The collection will be extended by crowdsourcing until 2018. The website is only accessible in French.
Album numérique 14-18
The digital portal No Man’s Land: The European Group for Great War Archaeology has been created by a group of archaeologists who have excavated since 2003 a number of trenches at the Western front from the First World War. Campaigns have been held for British, French and German trenches, not only in France and Belgium, but also for example training trenches on Salisbury Plain. The original project was an excavation in Auchonvillers, nicknamed Ocean Villas. For some of the projects you can download PDF’s with excavation reports, in particular for Serre, Hamel, Ploegsteert (with a separate website on Plugstreet) and the Hohenzollern Redoubt at Auchy-lès-Mines.
No Man’s Land: The European Group for Great War Archaeology
The digital collection World War I Maps & Aerial Photography is an initiative of the McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. The collection contains some 400 maps of the fronts in France and Belgium, most of them made by the British Ordnance Survey, including trench maps. The scales of most maps are 1:10,000, 1:20,000 and 1:40,000. In a second part of this section, Other theatres of war, you can find maps for Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Russia. The second section of the digital collection is formed by some 500 aerial photographs, most of them taken in 1917 and 1918 by the Royal Air Force. In the section References & Links you will find some titles of relevant literature and some links to other websites with maps concerning the First World War. A number of case studies help using the maps and photographs.
World War I Maps & Aerial Photography
The portal Mémoires de la Somme – Archives en ligne: Grande Guerre brings you to the joined digital collections concerning the First World War of the Archives départementales de la Somme in Amiens and the Historial de la Grande Guerre in Péronne. A section of the portal is dedicated to documents related to the First World War. You can enter a free text search using the recherche simple, and you can use the recherche avancée, an advanced search with multiple fields to look for all kind of documents. The archives portal has also separate search interfaces for civil registration records (État civil), census and recruiting records (censements), images, maps (plans), diaries (témoignages), buildings (patrimoine), books, newspapers and magazines (livres et presse). An online research guide, Rechercher dans les documents de la Grande Guerre (PDF), contains useful information about the 2,700 digitized photographs of soldiers and their daily life, 630 images of memorials in the Somme region, 75 documents on the reconstruction of the region after 1918, and two small photograph collections. Among the photographs are aerial photographs of the Somme front. The portal can only be viewed in French
Mémoires de la Somme – Archives en ligne: Grande Guerre