Tag Archives: Prisoners of war

Prisoners of the First World War

Banner ICRC-Prisoners of the First World War

The digital collection Prisoners of the First World War has been created by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). This collection contains digitized archival records about some 10 million prisoners of war during the First World War, mainly in Europe, but also in Russia, the Near East, India and Japan. The belligerent countries sent lists of prisoners to the ICRC. These lists were organized in alphabetical indexes which have been digitized for this project. You can search here individual persons, but also look at information about the internment camps, in particular from official inspection reports, browse postcards of the ICRC concerning the camps, and read letters about prisoners sent to the ICRC. Among the examples of information about prisoners is the archival record for captain Charles de Gaulle. The collection is accessible in English and French.

Prisoners of the First World War

Album numérique 14-18

Logo Images 14/18The digital collection Album numérique 14-18 has been created by the Centre Images Lorraine in Nancy. On this website with some 15,000 images you can browse photographs from the Lorraine region. Lorraine (Lothringen) bordered on Germany; in fact between 1871 and 1918 it belonged to Germany. The collection presents images and documents organized by several themes concerning the First World War, such as the home front , daily life in the trenches – with for example attention to the use of animals and transport -, images of the war, the realities of war (aircraft, weapons, industry) and remembrance.

Among the images are some 2,100 stereoscopic photographs shown in red-cyan 3D vision which can be selected by choosing 3D Relief. Apart from images there are some 200 records with letters, diaries and poetry, and nearly 100 objects. You can also conduct a geographical search. In the advanced search mode you can also select images from the database Images de Lorraine.  In particular the number of images concerning aircraft (aéronautique) and aerial photographs (photographies aériennes) is interesting. You can find them using the free text search (libre). The collection will be extended by crowdsourcing until 2018. The website is only accessible in French.

Album numérique 14-18

WWI Detainees in Hot Springs, NC

Logo WW! Detainees in Hot Springs

The digital collection WW1 Detainees in Hot Springs, NC documents the history of German civilian prisoners of war detained in 1917 and 1918 on the grounds of the Mountain Park Hotel in Hot Springs, North Carolina.  This digital collection has been created by the Madison County Public Library in Marshall, NC. The digital collection consists of the photographs from the album made by the German photographer Adolph Thierbach. They document the daily life of the Germans, including cultural activities and sport.

WW1 Detainees in Hot Springs, NC

Ruhleben: a picture of a World War I internment camp

Logo Ruhleben - HLSThe virtual exhibition Ruhleben: a picture of a World War I internment camp has been created by the Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, Mass,, with materials from two collections in its holdings, the Maurice L. Ettinghausen collection and the John C. Masterman collection which you can search with online findings aids. The exhibition shows the life of British civilian prisoners of war at the Ruhleben internment camp near Spandau on the outskirts of Berlin between November 1914 and November 1918. Ruhleben was the only German camp for civilian prisoners of war. The internees had very different backgrounds. There is relatively much documentation about the regulations and administration of the camp.

Ruhleben: a picture of a World War I internment camp

Bando-Sammlung

Logo Bando-SammlungThe virtual exhibition Bandō-Sammlung has been created in 2005 by the Deutsches Institut für Japan-Studien in Tokyo. After the fall of the Chinese town Tsingtau in 1914 some 5,000 Germans were taken to the camp Bandō as prisoners of war. The collection came to the DIJ in 1998 and documents their life and behaviour between 1914 and 1920. Materials on other camps with German prisoners of war in Japan and China were added in 2004 and 2005  to the original collection. The prisoners at Bandō had their own camp journal, Die Baracke. The collection contains a great variety of materials, such as maps, postcards, photographs, books, maps, sport and concert programs. An index helps you to search for persons, for locations of camps, keywords and groups of keywords. The website can be viewed in German and Japanese.

Bandō-Sammlung

Australian War Memorial: Centenary of the First World War

Logo AWM

The section Centenary of the First World War at the Australian War Memorial portal offers a guide and quick access to relevant digital collections concerning Australia and the First World War. Among the digitized records and documents are unit diaries, materials collected by C.W.E. Bean for the official history of Australia and the Great War, itself also available online here – accompanied by the official history of the Australian Army Medical Services – and several biographical databases, with for example the embarkation roll, information about prisoners of war, and Red Cross files. The AWM portal brings new digital galleries concerning the First World War. The section on the First World War bring also news on commemorative events and activities. The links section points to a selected number of war museums and war memorials in Europe.

Australian War Memorial: Centenary of the First World War

The Serving Soldier

Logo KCL-The Serving Soldier

The Serving Soldier is the digital collections portal of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives at King’s College London. Only a small number of digitized subcollections concerns the First World War. Among the subjects are aircraft, the expeditions to Gallipoli and the Dardanelles, documentation about the first tanks, and the journal of the German camp for British internees at Ruhleben. Sometimes you will find scores of photographs, for example a series of images of castles in the Middle East taken by T.E. Lawrence, British First World War posters, and four series of stereoscopic photographs (original twin sets with King’s College watermark; no animation). The range of materials and the choice of the other periods of war makes this portal interesting. At another website King’s College London presents a war memorial for the lives of students and staff killed in action, also of affiliated institutions.

The Serving Soldier

Europeana 1914-1918

Logo Europeana1418Europeana 1914-1918 is a portal project of Europeana, itself a digital portal, too, to bring together resources, both texts and images from all corners of Europe. Special attention is given to materials hitherto hidden away or especially brought to attention for this portal by the general public. Among the documents are letters, diaries, photographs (including stereographs, mostly from the Imperial War Museums), official documents, films, sound recordings and postcards. One of the strong new features is the integration of materials from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States. You can also search for the various fronts. Europeana 1914-1918 had in 2014 an interface in fifteen languages, currently (2018) you can choose from 27 languages.

The films available at the European Film Gateway 1914 can be found here, too. Collections from many European libraries and other cultural heritage institutions are also present at the portal Europeana Collections 1914-1918.

Europeana 1914-1918