Tag Archives: Neutrals

Belgen Gezocht

Logo "Belgen Gezocht"The digital collection Belgen Gezocht [Searching Belgians] has been created by the Archief Eemland in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. This regional archive has digitized photographs, a newspaper and family registers about some 19,000 Belgian refugees who came to Amersfoort in 1914.  16,000 Belgian soldiers were brought to Camp Zeist. The newspaper De Kampbode [The Camp Messenger] has been completely digitized (1915-1918). The family cards are partially still being transcribed and processed as part of Vele Handen [Many Hands], a Dutch crowdsourcing project for indexing and transcribing online archival records. The collections are accompanied by six virtual exhibitions about particular locations, among them the project for the monument commemorating the Belgian presence in and around Amersfroot. The website can only be viewed in Dutch.

Belgen Gezocht

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Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland

Logo DDS WW1The digital collection Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland (DDS) is a searchable online version of the scholarly edition of sources for the history of Swiss diplomacy. The search interface of the DDS database gives you refined search possibilities with a free text field, selections from drop down lists and radio buttons. A predefined search for documents for the period 1914-1918 yields some 550 results. You can for example limit your search to terms within certain types of documents, or search for their appearance in the DDS bibliography. There is a special search interface for this bibliography. The links selection brings you to other institutions dealing with Swiss history and culture and their digital collections, and to similar projects elsewhere in Europe. The website and the database of DDS can be viewed in German, French, Italian and English.

Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland

Europaeisk krig uundgaaelig

Telegram from Vienna, July 25, 1914The virtual exhibition Europaeisk krig uundgaaelig [European war is inevitable] has been created by the Riksarkivet og Statsarkivene, the Norwegian national archives. This small virtual exhibition shows twelve telegrams and letters documenting the activity of Norwegian diplomats and politicians during the summer of 1914. Norway was one of the countries that declared themselves neutral during the First World War. The exhibition can only be viewed in Norse.

Europaeisk krig uundgaaelig

Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918

A submarine safeguarding Denmark's neutralityThe virtual exhibition Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918 [First World War 1914-1918] has been created by Det Kongelige Bibliotek in Copenhagen, the Danish national library. This virtual exhibition has been launched to accompany the exhibition Ned med våbnene [Away with weapons] at Det Kongelige Bibliotek (September 4, 2014-January 31, 2015). The focus of the virtual exhibition is on seven very different persons: a politician, a soldier, a woman active in the peace movement, an interpreter working with prisoners of war, a union leader, a socialist and an intellectual. Each of them is briefly portrayed, and you can look at telling images or listen to spoken versions of some of their writings. This virtual exhibition can only be viewed in Danish.

The Danish national library contributes digitized materials concerning the First World War mainly to Europeana Collections 1914-1918. You can find these materials also using this overview which bring you to some 700 books (bøger), nearly 900 pamphlets (småtryk), 6600 images (billeder) and 180 maps (kort). You can choose between an interface in Danish or English. Some digitized Danish and Norwegian literature from the First World War held at Det Kongelige Bibliotek is accessible at The European Library portal.

Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918

Første Verdenskrig – de sønderjyske krigsdeltagere

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The portal Første Verdenskrig – de sønderjyske krigsdeltagere [First World War – The soldiers of South Jutland] concerns the lives of Danish soldiers serving between 1914 and 1918. Before the First World War South Jutland had been a part of Germany. Many Danish men had to serve with the German army. The portal presents as its core letters and diaries of soldiers. You can search among several themes. Special sections deal with technology and weapons, remembrance and literary works (Erindring). The section Litteratur offers a selective bibliography on Denmark and the First World War. The links section contains a web directory with a selection of Danish, English, German and French websites. The website is accessible in Danish.

Første Verdenskrig – de sønderjyske krigsdeltagere

1914-18: Hverdagsliv i krigens skygge

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The virtual exhibition 1914-18: Hverdagsliv i krigens skygge [Daily life in the shadow of war] is an educational project created by the Greve Museum in Greve, the Greve Gymnasium and the Skoletjenesten Københavns Befæstning in Copenhagen. The portal can be visited by browsing the various themes, such as Denmark’s neutrality, soldiers´ life, food and daily life, technology and tactics, and fortifications. Images and texts illustrate each theme. There is a useful dictionary (ordliste) of important terms. For teachers there is additional information. The portal is accessible in Danish.

1914-18: Hverdagsliv i krigens skygge

Krigsbreve

Header Krigsbreve

The digital collection Krigsbreve [War Letters] presents some 450 letters written by the Danish soldier Georg Christian Knudsen between 1913 and 1918, mainly addressed to his fiancée Marie Hübschmann and her mother. The website is maintained by his grandchildren Hanne Winther Knudsen and Werner Knudsen. During the First World War [Danish: Første Verdenskrig] Denmark belonged to the neutral countries. However, Knudsen served in the German army. He had been born in 1886 to the south of the Danish border at that time. The website gives transcriptions of each letter; the letters were published in their original sequence. A few photographs illustrate this letter collection. The website and the letters are accessible in Danish.

Krigsbreve