The research guide La Primera Guerra Mundial en los Archivos Estatales [The First World War in the State Archives] has been created by the Spanish Centro de Información Documental de Archivos in cooperation with the Archivo Histórico Nacional (AHN, Madrid), the Archivo General de la Administración (AGA, Alcalá de Henares), the Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (CDMH, Salamanca) and the Archivo General de Palacio in Madrid, the Spanish royal archives. During the First World War Spain remained a neutral country. The guide opens with a section on the period 1895-1914 during which Spain lost wars in the Philippines and Morocco. The second section looks at Spain’s role during the war as a neutral country, providing for example humanitarian aid. There are sections for events, institutions and journals, and for persons. In the section Fuentes documentales you are guided to selected archival series in four state archives, and there is a bibliography. This research guide can be viewed only in Spanish.
The digital collection (Ex-)keizer Wilhelm II [(Ex-)emperor Wilhelm II] has been created by Het Utrechts Archief, the combined municipal archives of the city Utrecht and the state archives in the province Utrecht. In November 1918 the German emperor fled from the German army headquarters in Spa to the Netherlands. Initially he stayed at castle Amerongen. In 1920 he moved to the estate of Huis Doorn, now a museum. The emperor succeeded in getting a generous selection of his belongings in Germany to Huis Doorn. The Kaiser died in 1941. After the Second World War the Dutch authorities confiscated his goods. In 1975 the archival collection was transferred to Het Utrechts Archief.
The digital collection is essentially an online finding aid with digitized materials. Het Utrechts Archief offers a general introduction (in Dutch) to this collection. The collection has been divided into personal papers (stukken van persoonlijke aard), business and estate materials (stukken van zakelijke aard), materials before 1918, documentation and maps (Kaarten). Section 5.2 of the maps contains some ninety maps dealing with the First World War. You will find digitized letters, books, journals and newspapers, and various other materials, some of them from the nineteenth century. You can consult a German version of the finding aid, created in 1997 at the time the collection was microfilmed.
The digital collection Cultural exchange in a time of global conflict. Colonials, neutrals and belligerents during the First World War: Sourcebook has been created by the team of the international CEBG project. This digital collection aiming at students in higher education offers a selection of sources from various holdings. You can select items for particular themes or choose a source genre, use the free search field or use the advanced search mode.
The digital collection Belgen Gezocht [Searching Belgians] has been created by the Archief Eemland in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. This regional archive has digitized photographs, a newspaper and family registers about some 19,000 Belgian refugees who came to Amersfoort in 1914. 16,000 Belgian soldiers were brought to Camp Zeist. A refugee newspaper De Kampbode [The Camp Messenger] has been completely digitized (1915-1918). The family cards are partially still being transcribed and processed as part of Vele Handen [Many Hands], a Dutch crowdsourcing project for indexing and transcribing online archival records. The collections are accompanied by six virtual exhibitions about particular locations, among them the project for the Belgenmonument, the monument commemorating the Belgian presence in and around Amersfoort during the First World War. The website can only be viewed in Dutch.
The digital collection Diplomatic Documents of Switzerland (DDS) is a searchable online version of the scholarly edition of sources for the history of Swiss diplomacy. The search interface of the DDS database gives you refined search possibilities with a free text field, selections from drop down lists and radio buttons. A predefined search for documents for the period 1914-1918 yields some 550 results. You can for example limit your search to terms within certain types of documents, or search for their appearance in the DDS bibliography. There is a special search interface for this bibliography. The links selection brings you to other institutions dealing with Swiss history and culture and their digital collections, and to similar projects elsewhere in Europe. The website and the database of DDS can be viewed in German, French, Italian and English.
The virtual exhibition Europaeisk krig uundgaaelig [European war is inevitable] has been created by the Riksarkivet og Statsarkivene, the Norwegian national archives. This small virtual exhibition shows twelve telegrams and letters documenting the activity of Norwegian diplomats and politicians during the summer of 1914. Norway was one of the countries that declared themselves neutral during the First World War. The exhibition can only be viewed in Norse.
The virtual exhibition Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918 [First World War 1914-1918] has been created by Det Kongelige Bibliotek in Copenhagen, the Danish national library. This virtual exhibition has been launched to accompany the exhibition Ned med våbnene [Away with weapons] at Det Kongelige Bibliotek (September 4, 2014-January 31, 2015). The focus of the virtual exhibition is on seven very different persons: a politician, a soldier, a woman active in the peace movement, an interpreter working with prisoners of war, a union leader, a socialist and an intellectual. Each of them is briefly portrayed, and you can look at telling images or listen to spoken versions of some of their writings. This virtual exhibition can only be viewed in Danish.
The Danish national library contributes digitized materials concerning the First World War mainly to Europeana Collections 1914-1918. You can find these materials also using this overview which bring you to some 700 books (bøger), nearly 900 pamphlets (småtryk), 6600 images (billeder) and 180 maps (kort). You can choose between an interface in Danish or English. Some digitized Danish and Norwegian literature from the First World War held at Det Kongelige Bibliotek is accessible at The European Library portal.
The portal Første Verdenskrig – de sønderjyske krigsdeltagere [First World War – The soldiers of South Jutland] concerns the lives of Danish soldiers serving between 1914 and 1918. Before the First World War South Jutland had been a part of Germany. Many Danish men had to serve with the German army. The portal presents as its core letters and diaries of soldiers. You can search among several themes. Special sections deal with technology and weapons, remembrance and literary works (Erindring). The section Litteratur offers a selective bibliography on Denmark and the First World War. The links section contains a web directory with a selection of Danish, English, German and French websites. The website is accessible in Danish.
The virtual exhibition 1914-18: Hverdagsliv i krigens skygge [Daily life in the shadow of war] is an educational project created by the Greve Museum in Greve, the Greve Gymnasium and the Skoletjenesten Københavns Befæstning in Copenhagen. The portal can be visited by browsing the various themes, such as Denmark’s neutrality, soldiers´ life, food and daily life, technology and tactics, and fortifications. Images and texts illustrate each theme. There is a useful dictionary (ordliste) of important terms. For teachers there is additional information. The portal is accessible in Danish.
The digital collection Krigsbreve [War Letters] presents some 450 letters written by the Danish soldier Georg Christian Knudsen between 1913 and 1918, mainly addressed to his fiancée Marie Hübschmann and her mother. The website is maintained by his grandchildren Hanne Winther Knudsen and Werner Knudsen. During the First World War [Danish: Første Verdenskrig] Denmark belonged to the neutral countries. However, Knudsen served in the German army. He had been born in 1886 to the south of the Danish border at that time. The website gives transcriptions of each letter; the letters were published in their original sequence. A few photographs illustrate this letter collection. The website and the letters are accessible in Danish.