The digital collection Belgen Gezocht [Searching Belgians] has been created by the Archief Eemland in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. This regional archive has digitized photographs, a newspaper and family registers about some 19,000 Belgian refugees who came to Amersfoort in 1914. 16,000 Belgian soldiers were brought to Camp Zeist. A refugee newspaper De Kampbode [The Camp Messenger] has been completely digitized (1915-1918). The family cards are partially still being transcribed and processed as part of Vele Handen [Many Hands], a Dutch crowdsourcing project for indexing and transcribing online archival records. The collections are accompanied by six virtual exhibitions about particular locations, among them the project for the Belgenmonument, the monument commemorating the Belgian presence in and around Amersfoort during the First World War. The website can only be viewed in Dutch.
The virtual exhibition Amsterdam en de Eerste Wereldoorlog [Amsterdam and the First World War] has been created by the Stadsarchief Amsterdam. The exhibition is organized around six major themes: culture, daily life, the war, the military, social history and refugees. You can view items concerning subjects such as food, medicine, Dutch soldiers and mariners, women, daily life and culture, the refugees – mainly from Belgium, and labor during the First World War. On the page Meer weten there is information about important archival record series of the Amsterdam municipal archive, including links to online inventories, and a selection of websites concerning the First World War. This virtual exhibition can only be viewed in Dutch.
The portal 100 jaar Nederland en de Eerste Wereldoorlog [100 years Netherlands and the First World War] has been created by the foundation with the same name. The website contains a news section, brings you book alerts, a calendar of events and activities (agenda), and a section with a bibliography of literature concerning the First World War. An interesting feature is the section 100 years ago [100 jaar geleden] with a month by month overview of events between 1914 and 1919. The links section brings you some twenty commented links. The website can only be viewed in Dutch.
The section Academic Joy – Theses Repositories is a part of a portal with several links sections for academic theses in open access repositories all over the world. Academic Joy is a portal for Ph.D. students. You can choose repositories from a general overview or navigate maps for Europe, Asia, Africa, the United States of America and Canada. The lists are fairly exhaustive but sometimes repositories have not been included. The list here below gives an overview of the some of the most important repositories with the widest coverage. A number of missing repositories in Belgium and The Netherlands are indicated below.
- Open Archives Initiative (OAIster)
- DART Theses – Europe
- DIVA – theses from 26 Scandinavian universities
- Österreichische Dissertationsdatenbank – Austria
- ETHOS – United Kingdom – a service of the British Library
- Thèses – France
- Dissonline – Germany
- Bictel – Belgium (French)
- NARCIS – Netherlands
- Theses Canada – a directory and repository
- TROVE – the portal of the Australian National Library can be tuned, too, to find theses
- New Zealand Educational Theses Database
Some repositories focus on history:
- American Historical Association: History Dissertations – a directory to theses
- Swiss Ph.D. dissertations and M.A. theses in history
Some directories will guide you to theses:
Belgium and The Netherlands
For Belgium one can consult M.A. theses in Flemish at Ethesis and Flemish B.A. theses in the Vlaamse Scriptiebank; both websites have an interface in Dutch and English. For the Netherlands one can add Scripties van de Nederlandse Universiteiten for M.A. theses, and the Igitur Archive for Ph.D. and M.A. theses defended at Utrecht University. B.A. and M.A. theses written at Dutch Higher Education institutions can be retrieved from the HBO Kennisbank. The Dutch term for the First World War is Eerste Wereldoorlog.
The digital portal Memory of the Netherlands contains numerous items concerning the First World War. The portal maintained by the Dutch Royal Library in The Hague presents some 120 digital collections from 100 Dutch cultural institutions. The main selection of items concerning the First World War can be found following the theme Military life which brings you to some 8,000 items from the collections of the former Legermuseum (Army Museum) in Delft. The preset selection of items concerning the First World War contains at presents some 400 photographs and drawings. At the Memory of the Netherlands you can also conduct a general search for items related to the First World War (Dutch: Eerste Wereldoorlog).
In 2014 two Dutch army museums will reopen as the Nationaal Militair Museum (National Military Museum). At the portal Dutch Military Heritage you can search in a number of digital collections created by the former Legermuseum.
Dutch cultural institutions such as the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the Nationaal Archief, the EYE Film Instituut, the Legermuseum and the International Institute for Social History contribute to Europeana 1914-1918; currently some 8,000 items at this portal come from the collections of these institutions.
The digital project Staten-Generaal Digitaal contains parliamentary records of the Dutch Parliament from 1814 to 1995. The records were digitized by the Dutch Royal Library in The Hague. You can search for particular years and dates, subjects and select either the Eerste Kamer, the Dutch Senate, or the Tweede Kamer, the Chamber of Deputies, or both. You can search for particular records – Kamerstukken, papers debated, Kamervragen, questions, and the Handelingen, the records of the debates – or search a particular speaker. There is also an advanced search mode (uitgebreid zoeken). You can also choose to look at a small number of themes, browse and search the registers, and look at maps (kaarten). The website is only accessible in Dutch.
The portal War Museums in Europe is a Dutch website with the simple aim of putting concise information about European warmuseums conveniently together. The website offers a alphabetically ordered list, a country list and a rating index. The website mentions 136 museums. Clearly these are not all museums covering only the First World War, and it seems this small portal has not been recently updated. The website can be viewed only in English.
The International Council of Museums (ICOM) has an International Committee of Museums and Collections of Arms and Military History (ICOMAM) in which most of the large and national war museums and military museums in Europe participate.