Tag Archives: Middle East

Maps of the Ottoman Empire

Start screen "Maps of the Ottoman Empire"

The digital collection Maps of the Ottoman Empire has been created by the Digital Library for International Research. The collection contains 19 maps held by the W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research (AIAR) in Jerusalem. The maps were created between 1839 and 1906, brought together in 1915 by the British Intelligence Division War Office, and published by the British War Office. The maps show mainly the eastern and southern part of the Ottoman empire, now Iraq and Syria, and there are maps for Lebanon and Jordany.

Maps of the Ottoman Empire

Sassoon Journals

Photo of Siegfried SassoonThe digital collection of the Sassoon Journals has been launched as a part of the Cambridge Digital Library. This collection contains digitized 23 diaries written by Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967), one of the British War Poets. He served as an officer, first with the Sussex Yeomanry, and later with the Royal Welch Fuseliers. Ten diaries kept at Cambridge University Library (MS. Add. 9852/1) stem from the First World War, starting in November 1915 (Add. 9852/1, nos. 4 to 13). Apart from notes about the war in France and his actions both at the front and in the United Kingdom the diaries contain drawings and also drafts of some of his poems. Sassoon served with the British Army not only in France, but also in Egypt and Palestine. For each diary a summary is provided with direct links to the most important entries and elements.

The war poems of Siegfried Sassoon can be read online in particular at the First World War Poetry Digital Archive.

Sassoon Journals

Prisoners of the First World War

Banner ICRC-Prisoners of the First World War

The digital collection Prisoners of the First World War has been created by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). This collection contains digitized archival records about some 10 million prisoners of war during the First World War, mainly in Europe, but also in Russia, the Near East, India and Japan. The belligerent countries sent lists of prisoners to the ICRC. These lists were organized in alphabetical indexes which have been digitized for this project. You can search here individual persons, but also look at information about the internment camps, in particular from official inspection reports, browse postcards of the ICRC concerning the camps, and read letters about prisoners sent to the ICRC. Among the examples of information about prisoners is the archival record for captain Charles de Gaulle. The collection is accessible in English and French.

Prisoners of the First World War

Mesopotamia Photographs

Capt. C.h. WeaverThe digital collection Mesopotamia Photographs has been created by Gerard Bugler. He has digitized some 300 photographs taken in Mesopotamia between 1915 and 1919 by captain Charles Henry Weaver who worked with the Red Cross. The digital collection can be viewed in sets ordered by cities and themes. The site contains additional information about cities, some digitized texts and background information about captain Weaver.

This website and other online materials about Mesopotamia during the First World War are presented in a very useful overview at War Letters 1914-1918.

Mesopotamia Photographs

Australian Screen: First World War

Logo Australian ScreenThe digital collection Australian Screen: First World War is a selection at Australian Screen, the online portal of Australia’s National Film and Sound Archive, Canberra. In this collection with nearly sixty items you will find newsreels from the Australasian Gazette collection, movies created during the First World War, and movies and TV series created afterwards concerning the First World War. The films have been made in various countries, mainly France, Egypt and Turkey. The Australasian Gazette items from the period 1914-1918 feature mainly cartoons.

At Australia Screen movies from the First World War are also presented in the collection Australian War Memorial Western Front and Gallipoli on Film, both of them with introductory essays by Paul Byrnes. The footage of the 1915 films about Gallipoli dominates the image of the Australian forces and Gallipoli, but these movies were not made at the Dardanelles front.

Australian Screen: First World War

Bildsammlung Palästina

Logo Staatliche Archive BayernThe online finding aid and virtual collection Bildsammlung Palästina has been created by the Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv in Munich.  This collection contains some 2,100 aerial photographs and 400 other photographs – the last mainly made in Palestine, but also in Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Serbia – taken in 1917 and 1918 by the Bayerische Fliegerabteilung 304, a unit of the Bavarian Army for aerial reconnaissance.

The digitized images have been divided in five main sections: images of the coastal area; the mountains from Lebanon to the Hebron; the valley of the Jordan; Eastern Jordany, and other photographs taken on the ground. The photographs show information about the fronts in the Middle East, but they are also important for the archaeology of the region. The collection can be searched with a free text search field, and you can browse the five sections. The website is accessible in German. In the last section you will find also images of the Bavarian pilots and their unit.

A recent article by Wilhelm Füßl, ‘Luftbildfotografie im Ersten Weltkrieg’ at Visual History gives you more information about German aerial photographs from the First World War.

Bildsammlung Palästina

Campaign Atlas to the Great War

Header Campaign Atlas of the Great War

The website of the Campaign Atlas to the Great War has been created by the History Department of the United States Military Academy West Point. The website presents some fifty maps of the various fronts in Europe and the Middle  East. There are no maps concerning military campaigns in Africa. Some twenty-five maps can be downloaded as PDF’s. A chart explains the use of symbols on the maps. This website can only be viewed in English.

Campaign Atlas to the Great War

World War I Maps & Aerial Photography

McMaster WW1 Maps and Aerial PhotographsThe digital collection World War I Maps & Aerial Photography is an initiative of the McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. The collection contains some 400 maps of the fronts in France and Belgium, most of them made by the British Ordnance Survey, including trench maps. The scales of most maps are 1:10,000, 1:20,000 and 1:40,000. In a second part of this section, Other theatres of war, you can find maps for Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Russia. The second section of the digital collection is formed by some 500 aerial photographs, most of them taken in 1917 and 1918 by the Royal Air Force. In the section References & Links you will find some titles of relevant literature and some links to other websites with maps concerning the First World War. A number of case studies help using the maps and photographs.

World War I Maps & Aerial Photography

New Zealand and the First World War

Banner New Zealand and the First World War

The section with webpages on New Zealand and the First Word War is a part of the history portal New Zealand History Online. At this portal you can find web pages concerning many aspects of New Zealand’s involvement during the First World War and its role for the history of this country. There is a section focusing on soldiers and a very detailed overview of wartime laws and regulations. There is a selective bibliography with also important web links, and a more detailed bibliography (PDF), the same as on the centenary portal WW100 New Zealand.

New Zealand and the First Word War

The Serving Soldier

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The Serving Soldier is the digital collections portal of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives at King’s College London. Only a small number of digitized subcollections concerns the First World War. Among the subjects are aircraft, the expeditions to Gallipoli and the Dardanelles, documentation about the first tanks, and the journal of the German camp for British internees at Ruhleben. Sometimes you will find scores of photographs, for example a series of images of castles in the Middle East taken by T.E. Lawrence, British First World War posters, and four series of stereoscopic photographs (original twin sets with King’s College watermark; no animation). The range of materials and the choice of the other periods of war makes this portal interesting. At another website King’s College London presents a war memorial for the lives of students and staff killed in action, also of affiliated institutions.

The Serving Soldier