Tag Archives: Humanitarian aid

Medicine in World War I

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The virtual exhibition Medicine in World War I has been created by Yale University Library. This exhibition aims at giving an overall picture with documents of the role of medicine during the First World War. Thus not only the developments in surgery to heal wounds come into view, but also the impact of diseases, and not only the influenza pandemic of 1918. There is attention for diseases such as trench fever and poisoining by gas, and also for nursing and the psychological impact of fighting. You can look at a list of other virtual exhibitions on the theme of medicine during the First World War. The bibliography contains for a number of titles links to online versions.

Medicine in World War I

La Primera Guerra Mundial en los Archivos Estatales

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The research guide La Primera Guerra Mundial en los Archivos Estatales [The First World War in the State Archives] has been created by the Spanish Centro de Información Documental de Archivos in cooperation with the Archivo Histórico Nacional (AHN, Madrid), the Archivo General de la Administración (AGA, Alcalá de Henares), the Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica (CDMH, Salamanca) and the Archivo General de Palacio in Madrid, the Spanish royal archives. During the First World War Spain remained a neutral country. The guide opens with a section on the period 1895-1914 during which Spain lost wars in the Philippines and Morocco. The second section looks at Spain’s role during the war as a neutral country, providing for example humanitarian aid. There are sections for events, institutions and journals, and for persons. In the section Fuentes documentales you are guided to selected archival series in four state archives, and there is a bibliography. This research guide can be viewed only in Spanish.

La Primera Guerra Mundial en los Archivos Estatales

Éischte Weltkrich

Startscreen Eischte Weltkrich

The digital collection Éischte Weltkrich [First World War] has been created by the Université de Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History, and the government of Luxembourg. The German army occupied Luxembourg at the start of the First World War. The website offers a chronology of events up to 1924, a number of themes for further exploration (occupation, grief and loss, hunger, the aftermath), an interactive map, and a collection with some 350 digitized items which you can filter by period and genre; you will find items from 1919, too.  The section Resources contains six scholarly articles. There is also a section on education for teachers. This website can be viewed in French, German and English.

Éischte Weltkrich

Sanità Grande Guerra

Logo Sanità Grandee Guerra

The digital database Sanità Grande Guerra is a project of the Associazione Storica Cimeetrincee. The website and the database inform you about Italian medical care and hospitals during the First World War. You can search for hospitals and kinds of sanitary services, and consult background information about the Italian Red Cross (CRI) and the cooperation with the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM). In the database you can search for locations and for types of sanitary services (type, year and month). There is also a bibliography of relevant studies and old periodicals. This website can only be viewed in Italian.

Sanità Grande Guerra

World War I Centennial

Banner World War I Centennial, NARA

The World War I Centennial portal has been created by the National Archives in Washington, D.C., to commemorate the entrance on April 6, 1917 of the United States into the First World War. The portal has many features, ranging from timelines, genealogical records, collections about a number of themes such as technology, training, medicine, battlefields, the homefront and remembrance, to an app (Remembering WW1), crowdsourcing for transcribing records and educational resources. The portal offers also links to digital collections elsewhere. You can view this portal only in English.

World War I Centennial

First World War Volunteers British Red Cross

Wesbite Red Cross - First World War Volunteers

The digital collection First World War Volunteers British Red Cross has been created in 2016 by the British Red Cross with the help of the general public. The database contains the records of some 90,000 volunteers who served in the United Kingdom and on the European continent. You can search the database for individuals using their forenames, last names, locations and hospitals, duties and/or roles. There are special pages for famous volunteers. Some aspects of the work volunteers did are highlighted, too, for example sending food parcels to British prisoners of war. You can contribute to the database with new or corrected information. The interface of this database is English.

First World War Volunteers British Red Cross

Belgen Gezocht

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The digital collection Belgen Gezocht [Searching Belgians] has been created by the Archief Eemland in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. This regional archive has digitized photographs, a newspaper and family registers about some 19,000 Belgian refugees who came to Amersfoort in 1914. 16,000 Belgian soldiers were brought to Camp Zeist. A refugee newspaper De Kampbode [The Camp Messenger] has been completely digitized (1915-1918). The family cards are partially still being transcribed and processed as part of Vele Handen [Many Hands], a Dutch crowdsourcing project for indexing and transcribing online archival records. The collections are accompanied by six virtual exhibitions about particular locations, among them the project for the Belgenmonument, the monument commemorating the Belgian presence in and around Amersfoort during the First World War. The website can only be viewed in Dutch.

Belgen Gezocht

Kriegstagebuch Fridolin Mayer

Photo Fridolin MayerThe digital version of the Kriegstagebuch Fridolin Mayer is an initiative of the Erzbischöfliches Archiv, Freiburg im Breisgau. Mayer (1877-1956) was a Catholic priest who served as a volunteer at several front locations in France. In 1918 he served briefly as a chaplain for prisoners of war in Switzerland. The archdiocesan archive at Freiburg holds the original manuscript (EAF Ha 595) and a typescript made in 1927 (EAF Na 16/1). The diary entries are published in blog fashion in chronological order. For each day of the diary a post will be created. The digital version is only accessible in German.

Kriegstagebuch Fridolin Mayer

Notulen van de ministerraad

Banner Notulen van de ministerraad

The digital collection Notulen van de ministerraad [Cabinet minutes] is a project of the Belgian National Archives (Algemeen Rijksarchief/Archives de l’État en Belgique) in Brussels. This digital collection contains digitized photocopies (PDF) of cabinet notes made between 1917 and 1979. Only in 1917 the Belgian cabinet decided to start creating notes. In principle the cabinet was convened every week, but when necessary the ministers met more often. You can either choose to search the full text of the notes or find notes of a particular meeting using the chronological overview. The languages of the notes themselves is either in Dutch or French. Apart from the Dutch interface you can also use the French interface to access the Procès-verbaux du Conseil des Ministres.

Notulen van de ministerraad

Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918

A submarine safeguarding Denmark's neutralityThe virtual exhibition Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918 [First World War 1914-1918] has been created by Det Kongelige Bibliotek in Copenhagen, the Danish national library. This virtual exhibition has been launched to accompany the exhibition Ned med våbnene [Away with weapons] at Det Kongelige Bibliotek (September 4, 2014-January 31, 2015). The focus of the virtual exhibition is on seven very different persons: a politician, a soldier, a woman active in the peace movement, an interpreter working with prisoners of war, a union leader, a socialist and an intellectual. Each of them is briefly portrayed, and you can look at telling images or listen to spoken versions of some of their writings. This virtual exhibition can only be viewed in Danish.

The Danish national library contributes digitized materials concerning the First World War mainly to Europeana Collections 1914-1918. You can find these materials also using this overview which bring you to some 700 books (bøger), nearly 900 pamphlets (småtryk), 6600 images (billeder) and 180 maps (kort). You can choose between an interface in Danish or English. Some digitized Danish and Norwegian literature from the First World War held at Det Kongelige Bibliotek is accessible at The European Library portal.

Første Verdenskrig 1914-1918