The digital collection Ära Kaiser Franz Joseph I 1830-1916 [The Era of Emperor Franz Joseph 1830-1916] has been created by the Österreichisches Staatsarchiv in Vienna. Around some twenty themes you can follow the life of the Austrian emperor and developments in Vienna and the Habsburg Empire well into the First World War, each of them with relevant archival records or other objects, for example books or images of cultural events. There are six maps of the Habsburg Empire for decisive years accompanied with typical portraits. The collection contains also a bibliography concerning Franz Joseph. This digital collection is only accessible in German.
The digital collection La Grande Guerra Più 100 [The Great War 100 Years On] has been created by the Università di Trento as an educational project to which scholars from several Italian and other universities (Innsbruck, Cracow, Montpellier) contributed. The core of the project is a calendar providing information about the First World War in a particular month exactly 100 years ago. There are biographies of politicians, military leaders and public persons. Infographs and photographic dossiers shed light on a number of themes. There are also sections with testimonies and thematic contributions. The worldwide impact of the First World War comes into relief, but also both the Western and Eastern fronts in Europe. The website can be viewed in Italian and English.
The digital collection Lions led by donkeys has been created by John Bourne at the Centre for War Studies, University of Birmingham. The collection contains concise biographies of British officers with the rank of brigadier-general or higher who served with the British Expeditionary Force at the Western Front between August 5, 1914 and November 11, 1918. Its aim is to show the wide variety in personal and professional qualities of British generals beyond the famous and infamous among them. At present 1,257 biographies can be consulted. You can access them using seven preset sections in alphabetical order. There is also a list of British generals.
The Centre for War Studies has a valuable links section concerning the First World War with much attention for British army units; its variety makes it into a concise web directory.
The Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze (BNCF) brings to the Italian digital platform Internet Culturale five digital collections concerning the First World War, Collezioni della Prima Guerra Mondiale, which would merit accessibility at a separate subdomain of the BNCF:
– Libri: in this collection with some 2,400 books you can find works on a variety of subjects, ranging from biographies, military treatises and tracts about health and medicine to sociological studies, literature and legislation.
– Periodici: in this collection with nearly 900 items you will find journals and magazines, both general publications and special journals for subjects such as economy, society, finance and industry. There are also digitized trench journals, official bulletins and war diaries.
– Iconografia: in this small section with just 150 items you can find materials such as postcards, posters and manifests, illustrations and cartoons. Some illustrations show the life of Italian prisoners of war in Austria.
– Carte geografiche: this section contains 70 maps, most of them created by geographical institutes. The maps show in particular the regions on the border with the Habsburg Empire. The maps from 1919 show the new border with Austria.
– Spartiti musicali: in this section with some 300 items you can find all kinds of musical scores. There are military marches, festive hymns and popular songs, works for choir and songs for children.
The website of the Austria-Lexikon has been integrated with a new name, the AEIOU Österreich-Lexikon, into the digital portal Austria Forum. The first version of this historical dictionary existed online from 1996 until 2009. The Austria-Lexikon contains articles about persons, events and themes with references to further literature in print and to some online illustrations and maps.
The article on the First World War (Erster Weltkrieg) stresses the events in Eastern Europe. There is a summary version of this article in English. You can search for articles using the free text search or selecting entries in alphabetical order. At Austria-Forum the information of the Austria-Lexikon is supported by a biographical dictionary and the Austria-Wiki, a selection of relevant articles from the German Wikipedia, and by other digital collections. The Austria-Lexikon can be viewed only in German.
The website Lexikon Erster Weltkrieg offers a dictionary about the First World War. This dictionary is a project of Iportale, a German firm with a number of general portals and thematic online dictionaries. The online dictionary brings not only alphabetically organized lemmas, but also a summary chronicle (Chronik) of events during the First World War, and a number of image galeries about various fronts, the main generals of the major armies, weapons, aircraft and ships. You can use the free search field for searching the lemmas. The original sources of the images are not indicated.
The website contains also a selection of letters (Feldpost) written by students who served as soldiers at the front and died during service. The letters stem from the often reprinted collection edited by Philipp Witkop, Kriegsbriefe gefallener Studenten (first edition Gotha 1916), translated by A.F. Webb, German Students’ War Letters (2002). The bias of the letters is duly noticed, as is their use for propaganda. The website can only be viewed in German.
The WW1 Document Archive is a portal created at the Brigham Young University for the history of the First World War with special attention to documents. This portal has the form of a wiki. In particular documents pertaining to diplomacy, such as conventions, treaties and official papers, can be found here easily. The portal has a biographical dictionary and a section with links to digitized books. Very useful is the section on digitized diaries and personal reminescences. The section on medical history, The Medical Front, is interesting, too. The portal brings also a very detailed web directory. The portal is connected with EuroDocs: Online Sources for European History.